Partially Observed Dynamic Tensor Response Regression

Jie Zhou, Will Wei Sun, Jingfei Zhang, Lexin Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In modern data science, dynamic tensor data prevail in numerous applications. An important task is to characterize the relationship between dynamic tensor datasets and external covariates. However, the tensor data are often only partially observed, rendering many existing methods inapplicable. In this article, we develop a regression model with a partially observed dynamic tensor as the response and external covariates as the predictor. We introduce the low-rankness, sparsity, and fusion structures on the regression coefficient tensor, and consider a loss function projected over the observed entries. We develop an efficient nonconvex alternating updating algorithm, and derive the finite-sample error bound of the actual estimator from each step of our optimization algorithm. Unobserved entries in the tensor response have imposed serious challenges. As a result, our proposal differs considerably in terms of estimation algorithm, regularity conditions, as well as theoretical properties, compared to the existing tensor completion or tensor response regression solutions. We illustrate the efficacy of our proposed method using simulations and two real applications, including a neuroimaging dementia study and a digital advertising study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of the American Statistical Association
StateAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Digital advertising
  • Neuroimaging analysis
  • Nonconvex optimization
  • Tensor completion
  • Tensor regression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty


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