Parsing Heterogeneity of Executive Function in Typically and Atypically Developing Children: A Conceptual Replication and Exploration of Social Function

Adriana C. Baez, Dina R. Dajani, Willa Voorhies, Meaghan V. Parladé, Michael Alessandri, Jennifer C. Britton, Maria M. Llabre, Lucina Q. Uddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Executive function (EF), the set of cognitive processes that govern goal-directed behavior, varies within developmental samples and clinical populations. Here, we perform a conceptual replication of prior work (Dajani et al. in Sci Rep 6:36566, 2016) in an independent sample of typically developing children (n = 183) and children with autism spectrum disorder (n = 104). Consistent with previous work, the latent profile analysis of parent-report EF measures provided evidence for three EF classes, which exhibited differential proportions of diagnostic groups. Additionally, children in the impaired EF group exhibited greater levels of social impairment. These results highlight the heterogeneity of EF ability among clinical and non-clinical populations and the link between EF and social abilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)707-718
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function
  • Dimensional
  • Latent profile analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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