Parenting and obsessive compulsive symptoms: Implications of authoritarian parenting

Kiara R Timpano, Meghan E. Keough, Brittain Mahaffey, Norman B. Schmidt, Jonathan Abramowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cognitive behavioral theories of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have hypothesized a central role of social learning in the development of OCD. Research indicates that learning via key developmental relationships, such as parent-child interactions, may account for the emergence and maintenance of OC symptoms in adulthood. Baumrind identified three parental authority prototypes or styles, including permissive, authoritative, and authoritarian, that differ on the two dimensions of nurture and behavioral control. Permissive parents allow their children to do as they wish with little discipline, whereas authoritative parents implement reasonable guidelines while still providing a warm and nurturing environment. The third style, authoritarian, represents parenting that is rigid and values strict adherence to rules with lower levels of nurturing. To date, there has been no study examining these parenting styles and OCD symptomatology. The current investigation examined the relationships between parenting styles, obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms, and OC-related dysfunctional beliefs (i.e., "obsessive beliefs") in a nonclinical sample ( N = 227). Participants completed measures of these constructs, as well as a measure of general mood and anxiety symptoms. Results indicated that the authoritarian parenting style was significantly associated with both OC symptoms and OC beliefs (e.g., beliefs about the importance of thoughts and personal responsibility), even after controlling for general distress. Analyses also revealed that OC beliefs act as a partial mediator of the relationship between parenting style and OC symptoms. Findings are discussed in light of the implications for future research, particularly that pertaining to risk for OCD and the development of vulnerability factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-164
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Cognitive Psychotherapy
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 29 2010

Fingerprint

Parenting
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Parents
Anxiety
Maintenance
Learning
Guidelines
Research

Keywords

  • Authoritarian parenting
  • Compulsions
  • Dysfunctional beliefs
  • Obsessions
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Parenting styles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Parenting and obsessive compulsive symptoms : Implications of authoritarian parenting. / Timpano, Kiara R; Keough, Meghan E.; Mahaffey, Brittain; Schmidt, Norman B.; Abramowitz, Jonathan.

In: Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, Vol. 24, No. 3, 29.06.2010, p. 151-164.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Timpano, Kiara R ; Keough, Meghan E. ; Mahaffey, Brittain ; Schmidt, Norman B. ; Abramowitz, Jonathan. / Parenting and obsessive compulsive symptoms : Implications of authoritarian parenting. In: Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy. 2010 ; Vol. 24, No. 3. pp. 151-164.
@article{b3f35fa608204b6698df363b6e0ebff3,
title = "Parenting and obsessive compulsive symptoms: Implications of authoritarian parenting",
abstract = "Cognitive behavioral theories of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have hypothesized a central role of social learning in the development of OCD. Research indicates that learning via key developmental relationships, such as parent-child interactions, may account for the emergence and maintenance of OC symptoms in adulthood. Baumrind identified three parental authority prototypes or styles, including permissive, authoritative, and authoritarian, that differ on the two dimensions of nurture and behavioral control. Permissive parents allow their children to do as they wish with little discipline, whereas authoritative parents implement reasonable guidelines while still providing a warm and nurturing environment. The third style, authoritarian, represents parenting that is rigid and values strict adherence to rules with lower levels of nurturing. To date, there has been no study examining these parenting styles and OCD symptomatology. The current investigation examined the relationships between parenting styles, obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms, and OC-related dysfunctional beliefs (i.e., {"}obsessive beliefs{"}) in a nonclinical sample ( N = 227). Participants completed measures of these constructs, as well as a measure of general mood and anxiety symptoms. Results indicated that the authoritarian parenting style was significantly associated with both OC symptoms and OC beliefs (e.g., beliefs about the importance of thoughts and personal responsibility), even after controlling for general distress. Analyses also revealed that OC beliefs act as a partial mediator of the relationship between parenting style and OC symptoms. Findings are discussed in light of the implications for future research, particularly that pertaining to risk for OCD and the development of vulnerability factors.",
keywords = "Authoritarian parenting, Compulsions, Dysfunctional beliefs, Obsessions, Obsessive-compulsive disorder, Parenting styles",
author = "Timpano, {Kiara R} and Keough, {Meghan E.} and Brittain Mahaffey and Schmidt, {Norman B.} and Jonathan Abramowitz",
year = "2010",
month = "6",
day = "29",
doi = "10.1891/0889-8391.24.3.151",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "151--164",
journal = "Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly",
issn = "0889-8391",
publisher = "Springer Publishing Company",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Parenting and obsessive compulsive symptoms

T2 - Implications of authoritarian parenting

AU - Timpano, Kiara R

AU - Keough, Meghan E.

AU - Mahaffey, Brittain

AU - Schmidt, Norman B.

AU - Abramowitz, Jonathan

PY - 2010/6/29

Y1 - 2010/6/29

N2 - Cognitive behavioral theories of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have hypothesized a central role of social learning in the development of OCD. Research indicates that learning via key developmental relationships, such as parent-child interactions, may account for the emergence and maintenance of OC symptoms in adulthood. Baumrind identified three parental authority prototypes or styles, including permissive, authoritative, and authoritarian, that differ on the two dimensions of nurture and behavioral control. Permissive parents allow their children to do as they wish with little discipline, whereas authoritative parents implement reasonable guidelines while still providing a warm and nurturing environment. The third style, authoritarian, represents parenting that is rigid and values strict adherence to rules with lower levels of nurturing. To date, there has been no study examining these parenting styles and OCD symptomatology. The current investigation examined the relationships between parenting styles, obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms, and OC-related dysfunctional beliefs (i.e., "obsessive beliefs") in a nonclinical sample ( N = 227). Participants completed measures of these constructs, as well as a measure of general mood and anxiety symptoms. Results indicated that the authoritarian parenting style was significantly associated with both OC symptoms and OC beliefs (e.g., beliefs about the importance of thoughts and personal responsibility), even after controlling for general distress. Analyses also revealed that OC beliefs act as a partial mediator of the relationship between parenting style and OC symptoms. Findings are discussed in light of the implications for future research, particularly that pertaining to risk for OCD and the development of vulnerability factors.

AB - Cognitive behavioral theories of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have hypothesized a central role of social learning in the development of OCD. Research indicates that learning via key developmental relationships, such as parent-child interactions, may account for the emergence and maintenance of OC symptoms in adulthood. Baumrind identified three parental authority prototypes or styles, including permissive, authoritative, and authoritarian, that differ on the two dimensions of nurture and behavioral control. Permissive parents allow their children to do as they wish with little discipline, whereas authoritative parents implement reasonable guidelines while still providing a warm and nurturing environment. The third style, authoritarian, represents parenting that is rigid and values strict adherence to rules with lower levels of nurturing. To date, there has been no study examining these parenting styles and OCD symptomatology. The current investigation examined the relationships between parenting styles, obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms, and OC-related dysfunctional beliefs (i.e., "obsessive beliefs") in a nonclinical sample ( N = 227). Participants completed measures of these constructs, as well as a measure of general mood and anxiety symptoms. Results indicated that the authoritarian parenting style was significantly associated with both OC symptoms and OC beliefs (e.g., beliefs about the importance of thoughts and personal responsibility), even after controlling for general distress. Analyses also revealed that OC beliefs act as a partial mediator of the relationship between parenting style and OC symptoms. Findings are discussed in light of the implications for future research, particularly that pertaining to risk for OCD and the development of vulnerability factors.

KW - Authoritarian parenting

KW - Compulsions

KW - Dysfunctional beliefs

KW - Obsessions

KW - Obsessive-compulsive disorder

KW - Parenting styles

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77953909561&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77953909561&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1891/0889-8391.24.3.151

DO - 10.1891/0889-8391.24.3.151

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77953909561

VL - 24

SP - 151

EP - 164

JO - Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly

JF - Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly

SN - 0889-8391

IS - 3

ER -