Parental self-efficacy and morbidity in pediatric asthma

Catherine Grus, Cristina Lopez-Hernandez, Alan M Delamater, Brooks Appelgate, Arturo Brito, Gwen Wurm, Adam Wanner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the relationship between parental self-efficacy and asthma-related morbidity. Participants included 139 parents of children (ages 5-8) who were diagnosed with asthma and were primarily from lower-income and minority backgrounds. Parents completed a 22-item measure of self-efficacy; factor analysis was conducted on this measure, yielding two factors: learned helplessness and self-efficacy. Correlational analyses indicated that higher scores on the learned helplessness factor were significantly related to increased asthma-related morbidity for the majority of morbidity variables. The self-efficacy factor was significantly related to days of school missed. Regression analyses conducted with the factor scores and the morbidity variables provide further support that the learned helplessness factor accounts for a significant amount of the variance in asthma morbidity for many of the variables studied, while the self-efficacy factor was related to only a few. Although improving health outcomes of children with asthma is a multifaceted process, the results of this study suggest that targeting parental self-efficacy, particularly with parents who are experiencing high levels of perceived learned helplessness, may be a helpful component of an intervention program with this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-106
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Asthma
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2001

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Self Efficacy
Learned Helplessness
Asthma
Pediatrics
Morbidity
Parents
Population Control
Statistical Factor Analysis
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Morbidity
  • Pediatric asthma
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Parental self-efficacy and morbidity in pediatric asthma. / Grus, Catherine; Lopez-Hernandez, Cristina; Delamater, Alan M; Appelgate, Brooks; Brito, Arturo; Wurm, Gwen; Wanner, Adam.

In: Journal of Asthma, Vol. 38, No. 1, 10.04.2001, p. 99-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Grus, C, Lopez-Hernandez, C, Delamater, AM, Appelgate, B, Brito, A, Wurm, G & Wanner, A 2001, 'Parental self-efficacy and morbidity in pediatric asthma', Journal of Asthma, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 99-106. https://doi.org/10.1081/JAS-100000027
Grus C, Lopez-Hernandez C, Delamater AM, Appelgate B, Brito A, Wurm G et al. Parental self-efficacy and morbidity in pediatric asthma. Journal of Asthma. 2001 Apr 10;38(1):99-106. https://doi.org/10.1081/JAS-100000027
Grus, Catherine ; Lopez-Hernandez, Cristina ; Delamater, Alan M ; Appelgate, Brooks ; Brito, Arturo ; Wurm, Gwen ; Wanner, Adam. / Parental self-efficacy and morbidity in pediatric asthma. In: Journal of Asthma. 2001 ; Vol. 38, No. 1. pp. 99-106.
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