Paraneoplastic itch occurs as the result of a systemic reaction to an underlying malignancy. Paraneoplastic itch is most commonly associated with lymphoproliferative malignancies and solid tumors that result in cholestasis. Paraneoplastic itch may occur in the absence of a primary rash or in association with dermatologic conditions such as erythroderma, acanthosis nigricans, dermatomyositis, Grover's disease, and eruptive seborrheic keratosis. Treatment of paraneoplastic itch is centered on targeting the underlying malignancy responsible for the systemic reaction. In cases of malignancy that are refractive to treatment, other therapies have been found to be effective for paraneoplastic itch, including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, mirtazapine, gabapentin, thalidomide, opioids, aprepitant, and histone deacetylase inhibitors.
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