TY - JOUR

T1 - Parameter ranges for the existence of solutions whose state components have specified nodal structure in coupled multiparameter systems of nonlinear Sturm-Liouville boundary value problems

AU - Cantrell, Robert Stephen

N1 - Funding Information:
* This work was partially supported by the National Science Foundation under grant DMS-8802346.
Copyright:
Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 1991

Y1 - 1991

N2 - The set of solutions to the two-parameter system [formula omitted] has been shown in a preceding paper of the author to exhibit a topological-functional analytic structure analogous to the structure of solution sets for nonlinear Sturm–Liouville boundary value problems. As the parameter λ and μ are varied, transitions in the solution set occur, first from trivial solutions to solutions (u, 0) with u having n nodes on (a, b) or solutions (0, v) with v having m nodes on (a, b), and then to solutions of the form (u, v), where u has n nodes on (a, b) and v has m nodes on (a, b), with n possibly different from m. Moreover, each transition is global in an appropriate bifurcation theoretic sense, with preservation of nodal structure. This paper explores these phenomena more closely, focusing on the range of parameters (λ μ) for the existence of solutions (u, v) with u having n nodes on (a, b) and v having m nodes on (a, b) and its dependence on the assumptions placed on the coupling functions f and g. The principal tools of the analysis are the Alexander–Antman Bifurcation Theorem and a priori estimate techniques based on the maximum principle.

AB - The set of solutions to the two-parameter system [formula omitted] has been shown in a preceding paper of the author to exhibit a topological-functional analytic structure analogous to the structure of solution sets for nonlinear Sturm–Liouville boundary value problems. As the parameter λ and μ are varied, transitions in the solution set occur, first from trivial solutions to solutions (u, 0) with u having n nodes on (a, b) or solutions (0, v) with v having m nodes on (a, b), and then to solutions of the form (u, v), where u has n nodes on (a, b) and v has m nodes on (a, b), with n possibly different from m. Moreover, each transition is global in an appropriate bifurcation theoretic sense, with preservation of nodal structure. This paper explores these phenomena more closely, focusing on the range of parameters (λ μ) for the existence of solutions (u, v) with u having n nodes on (a, b) and v having m nodes on (a, b) and its dependence on the assumptions placed on the coupling functions f and g. The principal tools of the analysis are the Alexander–Antman Bifurcation Theorem and a priori estimate techniques based on the maximum principle.

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U2 - 10.1017/S030821050001489X

DO - 10.1017/S030821050001489X

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84974505942

VL - 119

SP - 347

EP - 365

JO - Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh Section A: Mathematics

JF - Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh Section A: Mathematics

SN - 0308-2105

IS - 3-4

ER -