Parallel ocular and serologic course in a patient with early Sjogren's syndrome markers

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4 Scopus citations


Purpose To report on a case of a young female with progressing dry eye symptoms and evolving autoimmune markers consistent with a presentation of early Sjogren's syndrome (SS). Observations A 32 year-old female presented with chronic dry eye symptoms refractory to artificial tears. Slit lamp examination revealed punctate epithelial erosions, decreased tear break-up time, and decreased tear lake bilaterally. Initial tests for ocular surface inflammation (InflammaDry, Quidel, San Diego) and systemic autoantibodies (antinuclear antibodies, anti-SSA/Ro and anti-SSB/La) were negative. After 4 months of persistent ocular symptoms and signs, ocular surface inflammation was detected via InflammaDry and blood results included a positive antinuclear antibody (1:160), rheumatoid factor (IgG 25.3 EU/ml), and carbonic anhydrase 6 (IgM 20.2 EU/ml), but persistently negative anti-SSA/Ro and anti-SSB/La antibodies. Conclusions and importance Taken together, these findings were suggestive of early Sjogren's syndrome with simultaneous appearance of both ocular and serum biomarkers. Novel autoantibodies testing in suspected patients can guide early intervention and potentially improve both the glandular and extra-glandular function in patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-52
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017


  • Anti-SSA/Ro and anti-SSB/La
  • Dry eye syndrome
  • Novel autoantibodies
  • Serological conversion
  • Sjogren's syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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