Two children developed mental status alteration and bilateral profound visual loss secondary to optic neuritis. The clinical picture was consistent with parainfectious encephalomyelitis. Magnetic resonance imaging showed bilateral involvement of the thalamus in both cases. In one case the thalamic involvement was solitary and was suspected initially to represent a primary thalamic neoplasm. This was ruled out by a stereotactic biopsy of the thalamus, which showed perivascular inflammation consistent with parainfectious encephalomyelitis. The clinical and neuroimaging findings improved significantly following corticosteroid administration. Several relapses occurred upon initial attempts at corticosteroid cessation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology|
|State||Published - Mar 1993|
- Corticosteroid therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology