Papillary muscle necrosis was found in 24 of 84 neonates without congenital heart disease who died and were autopsied during a 17-month study period. The lesion was most prevalent in infants ≥3,000 gm birth weight (59%), but papillary muscle necrosis was also noted in 25% of the infants of medium birth weight (1,500 to 2,999 gm) and in 19% of the very low-birth-weight infants (<1,500 gm). Papillary muscle necrosis in the highest birth-weight group correlated with five-minute Apgar scores of 6 or less, meconium aspiration syndrome, seizures, congestive heart failure, increased cardiothoracic ratio (≥0.60), and ischemic changes on electrocardiogram. In the medium- and very low-birth-weight groups, however, patients with papillary muscle necrosis could seldom be differentiated clinically from their birth-weight peers without the lesion, even in retrospect.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health