INTRODUCTION: This review was performed to evaluate the outcome of patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for isolated metastatic or locally advanced nonperiampullary tumors at a single institution over a 13- year period. METHODS: Between 1983 and 1996, patients undergoing PD for metastatic or locally advanced nonperiampullary malignancies were identified. Medical records were reviewed and outcome factors and survival data analyzed. RESULTS: Eighteen patients were identified. The primary tumor histopathology included colon (n = 7), gastric (n = 4), renal cell (n = 3), lung (n = 2), bladder (n = 1), and melanoma (n = 1). The median length of hospital stay was 15 days (6 to 48) with one perioperative death (5.5%). The median tumor size was 5.5 cm (0.8 to 11.5), and 7 patients had positive peripancreatic lymph nodes. The median survival was 40 months, with a 5-year survival of 35%. CONCLUSIONS: Pancreaticoduodenectomy for nonperiampullary malignancy is infrequently indicated. However, in the absence of widely metastatic disease, PD should be considered for locally advanced tumors or isolated metastatic malignancy.
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