Pancreatic fungal infection

Nirmala Shanmugam, Rainer Isenmann, Jamie S. Barkin, Hans G. Beger

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Introduction: There has been a steady rise in the incidence of pancreatic fungal infections. Even though fungal infections of the pancreas are not very common, they are often nosocomial. Aims: To review pancreatic fungal infections and to compare their clinical characteristics with those of bacterial pancreatic infections, along with the causes and approaches to diagnosis and treatment. Results: Because of the lack of randomized, prospective trials, standardized recommendations for use of antifungal prophylaxis would be premature. The most important aspect of prophylaxis against pancreatic fungal infection is minimizing the factors that predispose the pancreas to fungal infections. Conclusion: Isolation of fungal elements from necrotic pancreatic tissue and treatment of local infection are vital. Treatment of local candidal infection should be initiated with surgical necrosectomy. Systemic antifungal therapy should be started early in the course of the disease, but whether antifungal agents should be added to the prophylactic antibiotic regimens for patients with necrotizing pancreatitis remains questionable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-138
Number of pages6
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1 2003


  • Acute pancreatitis
  • Necrotizing pancreatitis
  • Pancreatic fungal infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Endocrinology


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