Overweight and obesity in women with physical disabilities: Associations with demographic and disability characteristics and secondary conditions

Margaret A. Nosek, Susan Robinson-Whelen, Rosemary B. Hughes, Nancy J. Petersen, Heather B. Taylor, Margaret M Byrne, Robert Morgan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This cross-sectional study was designed to examine weight in association with demographic and disability characteristics and secondary conditions in a sample of community living women with physical disabilities. Methods: 443 predominantly ethnic minority women with physical disabilities were recruited through public and private health clinics and community organizations. They completed questionnaires including measures of body mass index and a health conditions checklist. Results: Data showed that nearly three-quarters of the sample were overweight (26.6%) or obese (47.6%) with 14% extremely obese. Obesity was highest among middle aged women (aged 45-54, 52.7%; aged 55-64, 52.5%; compared to aged 18-44, 37.8%; or aged ≥65, 39.1%). Black (84.0%) and Hispanic women (83.8%) were more likely to be overweight or obese compared to non-Hispanic white women (56.7%). Women with joint and connective tissue diseases and women with more extensive functional limitations were more likely to have excess weight. Disability factors were more strongly associated with excess weight than demographic factors other than age. Weight classification was significantly related to whether or not the women had ever had diabetes or blood pressure problems. Diabetes was reported 4 times as often as among women in general (36.3% versus 8.9%), and hypertension nearly twice as often (56.2% versus 30.9%). Conclusions: These findings indicate extremely high rates of overweight and obesity in women with physical disabilities, a growing population greatly in need of effective weight management interventions. Overweight and obesity in combination with disability in women was associated with disproportionately high rates of diabetes and hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-98
Number of pages10
JournalDisability and Health Journal
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2008

Fingerprint

Obesity
Demography
Weights and Measures
Hypertension
Connective Tissue Diseases
Checklist
Hispanic Americans
Body Mass Index
Public Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Joints
Organizations
Blood Pressure
Health
Population

Keywords

  • Disabled persons
  • Minority groups
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Rehabilitation
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Overweight and obesity in women with physical disabilities : Associations with demographic and disability characteristics and secondary conditions. / Nosek, Margaret A.; Robinson-Whelen, Susan; Hughes, Rosemary B.; Petersen, Nancy J.; Taylor, Heather B.; Byrne, Margaret M; Morgan, Robert.

In: Disability and Health Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2, 01.02.2008, p. 89-98.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nosek, Margaret A. ; Robinson-Whelen, Susan ; Hughes, Rosemary B. ; Petersen, Nancy J. ; Taylor, Heather B. ; Byrne, Margaret M ; Morgan, Robert. / Overweight and obesity in women with physical disabilities : Associations with demographic and disability characteristics and secondary conditions. In: Disability and Health Journal. 2008 ; Vol. 1, No. 2. pp. 89-98.
@article{480125c2d07841a18b647d65d6de0ac6,
title = "Overweight and obesity in women with physical disabilities: Associations with demographic and disability characteristics and secondary conditions",
abstract = "Background: This cross-sectional study was designed to examine weight in association with demographic and disability characteristics and secondary conditions in a sample of community living women with physical disabilities. Methods: 443 predominantly ethnic minority women with physical disabilities were recruited through public and private health clinics and community organizations. They completed questionnaires including measures of body mass index and a health conditions checklist. Results: Data showed that nearly three-quarters of the sample were overweight (26.6{\%}) or obese (47.6{\%}) with 14{\%} extremely obese. Obesity was highest among middle aged women (aged 45-54, 52.7{\%}; aged 55-64, 52.5{\%}; compared to aged 18-44, 37.8{\%}; or aged ≥65, 39.1{\%}). Black (84.0{\%}) and Hispanic women (83.8{\%}) were more likely to be overweight or obese compared to non-Hispanic white women (56.7{\%}). Women with joint and connective tissue diseases and women with more extensive functional limitations were more likely to have excess weight. Disability factors were more strongly associated with excess weight than demographic factors other than age. Weight classification was significantly related to whether or not the women had ever had diabetes or blood pressure problems. Diabetes was reported 4 times as often as among women in general (36.3{\%} versus 8.9{\%}), and hypertension nearly twice as often (56.2{\%} versus 30.9{\%}). Conclusions: These findings indicate extremely high rates of overweight and obesity in women with physical disabilities, a growing population greatly in need of effective weight management interventions. Overweight and obesity in combination with disability in women was associated with disproportionately high rates of diabetes and hypertension.",
keywords = "Disabled persons, Minority groups, Obesity, Overweight, Rehabilitation, Women",
author = "Nosek, {Margaret A.} and Susan Robinson-Whelen and Hughes, {Rosemary B.} and Petersen, {Nancy J.} and Taylor, {Heather B.} and Byrne, {Margaret M} and Robert Morgan",
year = "2008",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.dhjo.2008.01.003",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "89--98",
journal = "Disability and Health Journal",
issn = "1936-6574",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Overweight and obesity in women with physical disabilities

T2 - Associations with demographic and disability characteristics and secondary conditions

AU - Nosek, Margaret A.

AU - Robinson-Whelen, Susan

AU - Hughes, Rosemary B.

AU - Petersen, Nancy J.

AU - Taylor, Heather B.

AU - Byrne, Margaret M

AU - Morgan, Robert

PY - 2008/2/1

Y1 - 2008/2/1

N2 - Background: This cross-sectional study was designed to examine weight in association with demographic and disability characteristics and secondary conditions in a sample of community living women with physical disabilities. Methods: 443 predominantly ethnic minority women with physical disabilities were recruited through public and private health clinics and community organizations. They completed questionnaires including measures of body mass index and a health conditions checklist. Results: Data showed that nearly three-quarters of the sample were overweight (26.6%) or obese (47.6%) with 14% extremely obese. Obesity was highest among middle aged women (aged 45-54, 52.7%; aged 55-64, 52.5%; compared to aged 18-44, 37.8%; or aged ≥65, 39.1%). Black (84.0%) and Hispanic women (83.8%) were more likely to be overweight or obese compared to non-Hispanic white women (56.7%). Women with joint and connective tissue diseases and women with more extensive functional limitations were more likely to have excess weight. Disability factors were more strongly associated with excess weight than demographic factors other than age. Weight classification was significantly related to whether or not the women had ever had diabetes or blood pressure problems. Diabetes was reported 4 times as often as among women in general (36.3% versus 8.9%), and hypertension nearly twice as often (56.2% versus 30.9%). Conclusions: These findings indicate extremely high rates of overweight and obesity in women with physical disabilities, a growing population greatly in need of effective weight management interventions. Overweight and obesity in combination with disability in women was associated with disproportionately high rates of diabetes and hypertension.

AB - Background: This cross-sectional study was designed to examine weight in association with demographic and disability characteristics and secondary conditions in a sample of community living women with physical disabilities. Methods: 443 predominantly ethnic minority women with physical disabilities were recruited through public and private health clinics and community organizations. They completed questionnaires including measures of body mass index and a health conditions checklist. Results: Data showed that nearly three-quarters of the sample were overweight (26.6%) or obese (47.6%) with 14% extremely obese. Obesity was highest among middle aged women (aged 45-54, 52.7%; aged 55-64, 52.5%; compared to aged 18-44, 37.8%; or aged ≥65, 39.1%). Black (84.0%) and Hispanic women (83.8%) were more likely to be overweight or obese compared to non-Hispanic white women (56.7%). Women with joint and connective tissue diseases and women with more extensive functional limitations were more likely to have excess weight. Disability factors were more strongly associated with excess weight than demographic factors other than age. Weight classification was significantly related to whether or not the women had ever had diabetes or blood pressure problems. Diabetes was reported 4 times as often as among women in general (36.3% versus 8.9%), and hypertension nearly twice as often (56.2% versus 30.9%). Conclusions: These findings indicate extremely high rates of overweight and obesity in women with physical disabilities, a growing population greatly in need of effective weight management interventions. Overweight and obesity in combination with disability in women was associated with disproportionately high rates of diabetes and hypertension.

KW - Disabled persons

KW - Minority groups

KW - Obesity

KW - Overweight

KW - Rehabilitation

KW - Women

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=41349115342&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=41349115342&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.dhjo.2008.01.003

DO - 10.1016/j.dhjo.2008.01.003

M3 - Article

C2 - 21122716

AN - SCOPUS:41349115342

VL - 1

SP - 89

EP - 98

JO - Disability and Health Journal

JF - Disability and Health Journal

SN - 1936-6574

IS - 2

ER -