Overview of aerosolized Florida red tide toxins: Exposures and effects

Lora E. Fleming, Lorraine C. Backer, Daniel G. Baden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations


Florida red tide is caused by Karenia brevis, a dinoflagellate that periodically blooms, releasing its potent neurotoxin, brevetoxin, into the surrounding waters and air along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. Exposure to Florida red tide toxins has been associated with adverse human health effects and massive fish and marine mammal deaths. The articles in this mini-monograph describe the ongoing interdisciplinary and interagency research program that characterizes the exposures and health effects of aerosolized Florida red tide toxins (brevetoxins). The interdisciplinary research program uses animal models and laboratory studies to develop hypotheses and apply these findings to in situ human exposures. Our ultimate goal is to develop appropriate prevention measures and medical interventions to mitigate or prevent adverse health effects from exposure to complex mixtures of aerosolized red tide toxins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)618-620
Number of pages3
JournalEnvironmental Health Perspectives
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Brevetoxins
  • Harmful algal blooms (HABs)
  • Karenia brevis
  • Red tides
  • Sensitive populations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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