Overexpression of tnaC of Escherichia coli inhibits growth by depleting tRNA2Pro availability

Ming Gong, Feng Gong, Charles Yanofsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transcription of the tryptophanase (tna) operon of Escherichia coli is regulated by catabolite repression and tryptophan-induced transcription antitermination. Induction results from ribosome stalling after translation of tnaC, the coding region for a 24-residue leader peptide. The last sense codon of tnaC, proline codon 24 (CCU), is translated by tRNA2Pro. We analyzed the consequences of overexpression of tnaC from a multicopy plasmid and observed that under inducing conditions more than 60% of the tRNA 2Pro in the cell was sequestered in ribosomes as TnaC-tRNA2Pro. The half-life of this TnaC-tRNA 2Pro was shown to be 10 to 15 min under these conditions. Plasmid-mediated overexpression of tnaC, under inducing conditions, reduced cell growth rate appreciably. Increasing the tRNA2Pro level relieved this growth inhibition, suggesting that depletion of this tRNA was primarily responsible for the growth rate reduction. Growth inhibition was not relieved by overexpression of tRNA1Pro, a tRNA Pro that translates CCG, but not CCU. Replacing the Pro24CCU codon of tnaC by Pro24CCG, a Pro codon translated by tRNA1Pro, also led to growth rate reduction, and this reduction was relieved by overexpression of tRNA1Pro. These findings establish that the growth inhibition caused by tnaC overexpression during induction by tryptophan is primarily a consequence of tRNAPro depletion, resulting from TnaC-tRNAPro retention within stalled, translating ribosomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1892-1898
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Bacteriology
Volume188
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

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RNA, Transfer, Pro
Escherichia coli
Codon
Growth
Transfer RNA
Ribosomes
Tryptophan
Tryptophanase
Plasmids
Catabolite Repression
Operon
Protein Sorting Signals
Proline
Half-Life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Immunology

Cite this

Overexpression of tnaC of Escherichia coli inhibits growth by depleting tRNA2Pro availability. / Gong, Ming; Gong, Feng; Yanofsky, Charles.

In: Journal of Bacteriology, Vol. 188, No. 5, 01.03.2006, p. 1892-1898.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Transcription of the tryptophanase (tna) operon of Escherichia coli is regulated by catabolite repression and tryptophan-induced transcription antitermination. Induction results from ribosome stalling after translation of tnaC, the coding region for a 24-residue leader peptide. The last sense codon of tnaC, proline codon 24 (CCU), is translated by tRNA2Pro. We analyzed the consequences of overexpression of tnaC from a multicopy plasmid and observed that under inducing conditions more than 60% of the tRNA 2Pro in the cell was sequestered in ribosomes as TnaC-tRNA2Pro. The half-life of this TnaC-tRNA 2Pro was shown to be 10 to 15 min under these conditions. Plasmid-mediated overexpression of tnaC, under inducing conditions, reduced cell growth rate appreciably. Increasing the tRNA2Pro level relieved this growth inhibition, suggesting that depletion of this tRNA was primarily responsible for the growth rate reduction. Growth inhibition was not relieved by overexpression of tRNA1Pro, a tRNA Pro that translates CCG, but not CCU. Replacing the Pro24CCU codon of tnaC by Pro24CCG, a Pro codon translated by tRNA1Pro, also led to growth rate reduction, and this reduction was relieved by overexpression of tRNA1Pro. These findings establish that the growth inhibition caused by tnaC overexpression during induction by tryptophan is primarily a consequence of tRNAPro depletion, resulting from TnaC-tRNAPro retention within stalled, translating ribosomes.

AB - Transcription of the tryptophanase (tna) operon of Escherichia coli is regulated by catabolite repression and tryptophan-induced transcription antitermination. Induction results from ribosome stalling after translation of tnaC, the coding region for a 24-residue leader peptide. The last sense codon of tnaC, proline codon 24 (CCU), is translated by tRNA2Pro. We analyzed the consequences of overexpression of tnaC from a multicopy plasmid and observed that under inducing conditions more than 60% of the tRNA 2Pro in the cell was sequestered in ribosomes as TnaC-tRNA2Pro. The half-life of this TnaC-tRNA 2Pro was shown to be 10 to 15 min under these conditions. Plasmid-mediated overexpression of tnaC, under inducing conditions, reduced cell growth rate appreciably. Increasing the tRNA2Pro level relieved this growth inhibition, suggesting that depletion of this tRNA was primarily responsible for the growth rate reduction. Growth inhibition was not relieved by overexpression of tRNA1Pro, a tRNA Pro that translates CCG, but not CCU. Replacing the Pro24CCU codon of tnaC by Pro24CCG, a Pro codon translated by tRNA1Pro, also led to growth rate reduction, and this reduction was relieved by overexpression of tRNA1Pro. These findings establish that the growth inhibition caused by tnaC overexpression during induction by tryptophan is primarily a consequence of tRNAPro depletion, resulting from TnaC-tRNAPro retention within stalled, translating ribosomes.

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