Overexpression of the integrin-linked kinase promotes anchorage- independent cell cycle progression

Galina Radeva, Teresa Petrocelli, Elke Behrend, Chungyee Leung-Hagesteijn, Jorge Filmus, Joyce Slingerland, Shoukat Dedhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

214 Scopus citations


Cell adhesion to substratum has been shown to regulate cyclin A expression as well as cyclin D- and E-dependent kinases, the latter via the up-regulation of cyclin D1 and the down-regulation of cyclin-Cdk inhibitors p21 and p27, respectively. This adhesion-dependent regulation of cell cycle is thought to be mediated by integrins. Here we demonstrate that stable transfection and overexpression of the integrin-linked kinase (ILK), which interacts with the β1 and β3 integrin cytoplasmic domains, induces anchorage-independent cell cycle progression but not serum-independent growth of rat intestinal epithelial cells (IEC18). ILK overexpression results in increased expression of cyclin D1, activation of Cdk4 and cyclin E-associated kinases, and hyperphosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein. In addition, ILK overexpression results in the expression of p21 and p27 Cdk inhibitors with altered electrophoretic mobilities, with the p27 from ILK-overexpressing cells having reduced inhibitory activity. The transfer of serum-exposed IEC18 cells from adherent cultures to suspension cultures results in a rapid down- regulation of expression of cyclin D1 and cyclin A proteins as well as in retinoblastoma protein dephosphorylation. In marked contrast, transfer of ILK-overexpressing cells from adherent to suspension cultures results in continued high levels of expression of cyclin D1 and cyclin A proteins, and a substantial proportion of the retinoblastoma protein remains in a hyperphosphorylated state. These results indicate that, when overexpressed, ILK induces signaling pathways resulting in the stimulation of G1/S cyclin- Cdk activities, which are normally regulated by cell adhesion and integrin engagement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13937-13944
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number21
StatePublished - May 23 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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