Overexpression of RRE-derived sequences inhibits HIV-1 replication in CEM cells

T. C. Lee, B. A. Sullenger, H. F. Gallardo, G. E. Ungers, E. Gilboa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

111 Scopus citations

Abstract

Overexpression of sequences corresponding to the major Rev-binding site in the Rev response element of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) (RRE decoys) was used to render cells resistant to HIV-1 replication. This was accomplished by the use of a chimeric tRNA-RRE transcription unit in a double-copy murine retroviral vector to express high levels of HIV-1 RRE-containing transcripts in CEM SS cells. Replication of HIV-1 was inhibited more than 90% in cells expressing chimeric tRNA-RRE transcripts, as determined by in situ immunofluorescence analysis and a p24 antigen ELISA test. Analysis of RNA from HIV-1 - infected cells suggests that expression of RRE-containing sequences in CEM SS cells inhibits HIV-1 replication by interfering with Rev function, presumably by competing for Rev binding to its physiological target. The use of a subfragment of RRE as decoy RNA reduces the likelihood that essential cellular factors will be sequestered in cells expressing the decoy RNA. Thus, use of RRE-based decoy RNA to inhibit HIV-1 replication may represent a safer alternative to the use of TAR decoy RNA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-74
Number of pages9
JournalNew Biologist
Volume4
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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    Lee, T. C., Sullenger, B. A., Gallardo, H. F., Ungers, G. E., & Gilboa, E. (1992). Overexpression of RRE-derived sequences inhibits HIV-1 replication in CEM cells. New Biologist, 4(1), 66-74.