Most patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) are cured with first and second-line treatment; however, the outcome is unknown for those who fail high dose chemoradiotherapy with autologous stem cell transplant (HDT-ASCT). This report is an analysis of patients with relapsed and primary refractory HL who were treated with HDT-ASCT and failed due to progression of disease (POD). Two hundred and two patients received HDT-ASCT at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center for relapsed or refractory HL between December 1994 and 2005 and 71 failed due to POD. The median survival following HDT-ASCT failure was 25 months. Only 16 (23%) of the 71 patients are currently alive, nine of whom are in remission. Multivariate analysis revealed two factors associated with poor outcome: relapse within 6 months of HDT-ASCT and primary refractory disease. The only factor associated with improved survival was the ability to receive a second transplant, in particular, reduced intensity allogeneic transplant (RIT). Novel therapies are needed for patients who fail HDT-ASCT, particularly those with primary refractory disease and those who relapse within 6 months of HDT-ASCT. Future studies should focus on prospectively evaluating RIT following HDT-ASCT failure in patients with remission duration from HDT-ASCT of >6 months.
- Autologous stem cell transplant
- Hodgkins lymphoma
- Reduced intensity transplant
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