Outcomes and adherence in Syria's first smoking cessation trial

Taghrid Asfar, Mark Vander Weg, Wasim Maziak, Fadi Hammal, Thomas Eissenberg, Kenneth D. Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine the feasibility of implementing cessation interventions in Syria. Methods: We randomized 50 smokers to either a brief or intensive behavioral cessation intervention. Adherence to treatment and cessation through 3 months postcessation were calculated. Results: Adherence in the intensive group was only moderate and was associated with smoking for more years and higher self-efficacy. Cessation rates in the brief and intensive intervention groups were 16% and 4%, respectively. Nicotine dependence predicted abstinence at 3 months. Conclusion: Important barriers to cessation included perceived dependence, lack of access to pharmacotherapy, poor social support, and water pipe smoking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-156
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Clinical trials
  • Smoking
  • Syria
  • Water pipe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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