Outcome in Direct Versus Transfer Patients in the DAWN Controlled Trial

Amin Aghaebrahim, Ashutosh P. Jadhav, Ricardo Hanel, Eric Sauvageau, Manuel F. Granja, Yanchang Zhang, Diogo C. Haussen, Ronald F. Budzik, Alain Bonafe, Parita Bhuva, Marc Ribo, Christophe Cognard, Cathy Sila, Dileep Yavagal, Ameer E. Hassan, Wade S. Smith, Jeffrey Saver, David S. Liebeskind, Raul G. Nogueira, Tudor G. Jovin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Background and Purpose-The impact of transfer status on clinical outcomes in the DAWN (DWI or CTP Assessment With Clinical Mismatch in the Triage of Wake-Up and Late Presenting Strokes Undergoing Neurointervention With Trevo) population is unknown. We analyzed workflow and clinical outcome differences between direct versus transfer patients in the DAWN population. Methods-The following time metrics were analyzed for each group: (1) last known well to hospital arrival, (2) hospital arrival to eligibility imaging, (3) hospital arrival to arterial puncture, (4) qualifying imaging to arterial puncture, (5) last known well to arterial puncture, (6) last known well to reperfusion. The primary end point was the rate of functional independence (90-day modified Rankin Scale [mRS] score, 0-2). Using univariate unconditional logistic regression, we calculated odds ratios and 95% CIs for the association between clinically relevant time metrics, transfer status, and functional independence (mRS 0-2). Results-A total of 206 patients were enrolled. Among these, 121 (59%) patients were transferred, and 85 (41%) patients presented directly to a thrombectomy capable center. Median time last seen well to hospital arrival time was similar between the 2 groups (678 versus 696 minutes). The time from hospital arrival to groin puncture was significantly longer in direct patients compared with transferred patients 140 minutes (interquartile range, 105.5-177.5 minutes) and 88 minutes (interquartile range, 55-125 minutes), respectively (P<0.001). Differences in treatment effect or differences in rates of mRS 0-2 in the thrombectomy treated patients were not statistically significant in direct versus transfer patients (odds ratios for mRS 0-2, thrombectomy versus control, were 5.62 in direct and 6.63 in transfer patients, respectively, Breslow-Day P=0.817). Conclusions-Although transfer patients had a faster door to puncture time, benefits of thrombectomy, and rates of mRS 0 to 2 in the treatment group were similar between direct and transferred patients in the DAWN population. These results may inform prehospital and primary stroke centers triage protocols in patients presenting in the late time window. Clinical Trial Registration-URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02142283.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2163-2167
Number of pages5
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019


  • groin
  • puncture
  • thrombectomy
  • triage
  • workflow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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