Osteoarthritis. Aggravating factors and therapeutic measures

Roy D Altman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Clinical criteria for diagnosis of osteoarthritis are not yet formally established; at present, diagnosis is usually made through physical and radiologic examination and evaluation of synovial fluid. Severe trauma and possibly repeated microtrauma, excessive activity, inactivity, and obesity are believed to aggravate symptoms. Treatment objectives are to reduce pain and improve, or at least preserve, function. Antiinflammatory agents provide relief for many patients, although gastrointestinal reactions may accompany their use. Antispasmodics may be helpful for pain caused by muscle spasm, and intraarticular injections of depocorticosteroids are useful for inflammation. Agents that provide analgesia are an appropriate part of the therapeutic program. Patients should be taught to protect weakened joints through use of orthotics, strengthening exercises, and proper body movement and posture. A supportive physician who encourages a healthy life-style and positive outlook will see better physical as well as emotional results with these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)150-163
Number of pages14
JournalPostgraduate Medicine
Volume80
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Osteoarthritis
Pain
Intra-Articular Injections
Parasympatholytics
Synovial Fluid
Spasm
Posture
Analgesia
Physical Examination
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Therapeutics
Obesity
Joints
Exercise
Inflammation
Physicians
Wounds and Injuries
Healthy Lifestyle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Osteoarthritis. Aggravating factors and therapeutic measures. / Altman, Roy D.

In: Postgraduate Medicine, Vol. 80, No. 2, 1986, p. 150-163.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Altman, Roy D. / Osteoarthritis. Aggravating factors and therapeutic measures. In: Postgraduate Medicine. 1986 ; Vol. 80, No. 2. pp. 150-163.
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