Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is a highly successful and curative therapy for many primary hematologic malignancies. However, hepatic dysfunction and failure are important causes of morbidity and mortality in this patient group after BMT. Hepatic failure can occur as a result of involvement by graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) or as a result of veno- occlusive disease (VOD). Therapies for these complications are often ineffective, especially for VOD, as approximately one fourth of patients develop irreversible liver disease and die of multiorgan failure. Accordingly, we have reviewed our center's experience with orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) to manage the hepatic complications of BMT. We describe two patients who were treated with OLT after developing hepatic failure post- BMT. One patient had VOD with mild cutaneous and gastrointestinal GVHD; in the other patient, the pathophysiologic process affecting the liver was severe GVHD. Based on our center's experience and review of the literature, we believe OLT should be considered in patients with severe hepatic dysfunction post-BMT.
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