Organophosphorus hydrolase at the air-water interface: Secondary structure and interaction with paraoxon

Jiayin Zheng, Bernard Desbat, Vipin K. Rastogi, Saumil S. Shah, Joseph J. DeFrank, Roger M. Leblanc

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The secondary structure of organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH) at the air-water interface was studied using polarization modulation infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS). The shape and position of the amide I and amide II bands were used to estimate the surface conformation and orientation of OPH. The PM-IRRAS results indicated that the enzyme did not unfold for the range of surface pressure used (0-30 mN/m). At low surface pressures, the signal of amide I was very weak and the intensity was almost the same as amide II. Upon further compression, the PM-IRRAS signal and the ratio of the intensity of amide I and amide II both increase, implying an increased interfacial concentration of the enzyme. From the amide I/amide II ratio and the band position, it was deduced that the enzyme adopts a conformation which gives a higher occupied surface at low surface pressure and rotates to a more vertical orientation at high surface pressures. The compression and decompression of the OPH monolayer indicated that the fingerprint of the secondary structure at the air-water interface was reversible. PM-IRRAS was also used to investigate the pH effect of the subphase on the secondary structure of OPH. The secondary structure of OPH at the air-water interface was well defined when the pH of the subphase was near its isoelectric point (IP, pH 7.6). However, it adopted a different orientation when the subphase pH values were higher or lower than the IP with formation of random coil structure. The hydrolysis of organophosphorus compound paraoxon by OPH was also studied at the air-water interface by PM-IRRAS. The pH effect and the interaction with paraoxon both seem to orientate the enzyme more in the plane of the interface and to produce random coil structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2806-2810
Number of pages5
JournalBiomacromolecules
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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