Orbital anesthesia techniques

Steven Gayer, Gary L. Fanning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


There are a variety of orbital anesthesia techniques. Some render the eye immobile, others do not. Currently no ideal method exists to eliminate completely the pain, anxiety, and complications that may accompany ophthalmic anesthesia and surgery. It is essential that those who provide orbital anesthesia have a thorough knowledge of the approaches and their associated risks and benefits. Careful patient selection is requisite in order to prescribe the optimal anesthesia care plan. Ultimately, selection of ophthalmic topical, regional, or general anesthetic techniques depends on the inclinations, education, and training of ophthalmologists and the anesthesia team, as well as available resources and patient preferences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-113
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Reviews for Nurse Anesthetists
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 11 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nurse Assisting
  • Medical–Surgical


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