Exposure to specific congeners of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) can induce proinflammatory alterations, which may contribute to the formation of blood-borne tumor metastasis. The main aim of the present study was to establish an experimental model of PCB exposure in which PCBs are administered by oral gavage, which resembles the human exposure through the food chain. To determine structure-function relationship, we studied induction of inflammatory responses in the livers, lungs and brains of mice treated with PCB77 (a major coplanar PCB), PCB104 (a non-coplanar PCB with multiple ortho-chlorine substituents), and PCB153 (a major non-coplanar PCB) after a single gavage dose (150 μmol/kg body weight). The strongest expression of proinflammatory proteins occurred 24 h following the PCB administration independent of the class of PCB congeners. These data indicate that food-chain exposure to PCBs can induce proinflammatory mediators in organs that are potential targets for PCB-induced toxicity.
- Polychlorinated biphenyls
- Tumor metastasis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis