The use of portable devices for the subcutaneous infusion of insulin may facilitate the attainment of improved glycemic control in selected patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Successful use of a program of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion requires patient cooperation and motivation, routine monitoring of glycemia, and attention to food intake and activity. This article describes an approach by which patients may optimize glycemic control utilizing a set of algorithms based on patient-determined blood glucose measurements. The algorithms permit programming the insulin infusion device to achieve the desired control.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing