Optimized unequal error protection for voice over IP

Mingyu Chen, Manohar N. Murthi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


In Voice over IP, typical Forward Error Correction (FEC) schemes to combat packet loss allocate an equal amount of error-control resources to each voice packet, regardless of the perceptual importance of a packet. Recognizing the unequal perceptual importance of voice packets, we propose signal-adaptive unequal error protection methods in which certain packets are allocated more error-control resources than others. In particular, the amount of error protection provided to a packet is determined through an analysis by expected decoder synthesis paradigm ensconced within a rate-distortion Lagrangian optimization framework. Therefore, the sender evaluates various protection policies by anticipating the behavior of the decoder's Packet Loss Concealment (PLC) algorithm for various loss event probabilities. In this manner, perceptually critical voice packets that cannot be easily replaced by a PLC are provided with greater error protection. For a given average bit-rate, a simple unequal error protection scheme provides a 0.2 to 0.3 advantage in PESQ-MOS over the conventional equal error control schemes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)V-865-V-868
JournalICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings
StatePublished - Sep 27 2004
EventProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing - Montreal, Que, Canada
Duration: May 17 2004May 21 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Optimized unequal error protection for voice over IP'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this