Optical Control of Nanoparticle Catalysis Influenced by Photoswitch Positioning in Hybrid Peptide Capping Ligands

Randy L. Lawrence, Zak E. Hughes, Vincent J. Cendan, Yang Liu, Chang Keun Lim, Paras N. Prasad, Mark T. Swihart, Tiffany R. Walsh, Marc Knecht

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Abstract

Here, we present an in-depth analysis of structural factors that modulate peptide-capped nanoparticle catalytic activity via optically driven structural reconfiguration of the biointerface present at the particle surface. Six different sets of peptide-capped Au nanoparticles were prepared, in which an azobenzene photoswitch was incorporated into one of two well-studied peptide sequences with known affinity for Au, each at one of three different positions: the N- or C-terminus or mid-sequence. Changes in the photoswitch isomerization state induce a reversible structural change in the surface-bound peptide, which modulates the catalytic activity of the material. This control of reactivity is attributed to changes in the amount of accessible metallic surface area available to drive the reaction. This research specifically focuses on the effect of the peptide sequence and photoswitch position in the biomolecule, from which potential target systems for on/off reactivity have been identified. Additionally, trends associated with photoswitch position for a peptide sequence (Pd4) have been identified. Integrating the azobenzene at the N-terminus or central region results in nanocatalysts with greater reactivity in the trans and cis conformations, respectively, however, positioning the photoswitch at the C-terminus gives rise to a unique system that is reactive in the trans conformation and partially deactivated in the cis conformation. These results provide a fundamental basis for new directions in nanoparticle catalyst development to control activity in real time, which could have significant implications in the design of catalysts for multistep reactions using a single catalyst. Additionally, such a fine level of interfacial structural control could prove to be important for applications beyond catalysis, including biosensing, photonics, and energy technologies that are highly dependent on particle surface structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33640-33651
Number of pages12
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume10
Issue number39
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 3 2018

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Keywords

  • Au nanoparticles
  • biointerface reconfiguration
  • catalysis
  • peptides
  • photoactivated switch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Lawrence, R. L., Hughes, Z. E., Cendan, V. J., Liu, Y., Lim, C. K., Prasad, P. N., Swihart, M. T., Walsh, T. R., & Knecht, M. (2018). Optical Control of Nanoparticle Catalysis Influenced by Photoswitch Positioning in Hybrid Peptide Capping Ligands. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 10(39), 33640-33651. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b10582