Open airway reconstruction in adults: Outcomes and prognostic factors

Marianne Abouyared, Mikhaylo Szczupak, Eric Barbarite, Zoukaa B Sargi, David Rosow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose The purpose was to assess the success of open tracheal resection and re-anastomosis for non-malignant tracheal stenosis in adults. Successful operations were defined as T-tube or tracheostomy-free status by 6 months post-operatively. Materials and methods Retrospective chart review was performed and data were recorded in a de-identified manner. The primary outcome was T-tube or tracheostomy-free status by 6 months following tracheal resection. Clinical and demographic characteristics were evaluated as potential prognostic variables. Results Thirty-two patients met inclusion criteria, with a median age of 46. Seven patients underwent tracheal resection with primary closure, without stenting. Successful tracheal resection was defined as tracheostomy or T-tube free by 6 months post-operation, and this was possible in 21 patients (66%). Eighty-two percent of patients with cricoid cartilage-sparing tracheal resection had a successful outcome, versus 30% of patients who underwent cricoid cartilage resection (HR 5.02, 95% CI 1.46–17.3; p = 0.011). Patients with a history of tracheostomy-dependence were four times more likely to remain tube-dependent at 6 months (HR 4.15, 95% CI 1.56–10.86; p = 0.004). Conclusions Tracheal stenosis remains a very difficult problem to treat. In our series, we confirm that patients with cricoid involvement or with a history of tracheostomy were more likely to be tube dependent at 6-months post-operation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-12
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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