Onychomycosis in children

Bianca Maria Piraccini, Annalisa Patrizi, Andrea Sisti, Iria Neri, Antonella Tosti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Onychomycosis in children is rare and in different countries prevalence varies from 0.2 to 0.4%. Herein, we describe clinical features, mycology and treatment options of onychomycosis in children, based on 15 cases seen at our department from 2002 to 2007 and on a review of the literature. Nail invasion by fungi in children may occur in both healthy and immunodepressed individuals, and is usually due to dermatophytes, mostly Trichophyton rubrum and Trichophyton interdigitale. Predisposing factors to dermatophyte onychomycosis (i.e., family history for onychomycosis, contact with fungi in the environment and sports activities) are quite common in children, being present in 53% of children with onychomycosis. True Candida onychomycosis in children may be mainly seen in three instances: in premature newborns, where it is due to incomplete development of the immune system; in children affected by chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis; and in children with iatrogenic immunodepression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-184
Number of pages8
JournalExpert Review of Dermatology
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 14 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Onychomycosis
Arthrodermataceae
Trichophyton
Chronic Mucocutaneous Candidiasis
Mycology
Candida
Causality
Immunosuppression
Sports
Immune System
Fungi
Newborn Infant

Keywords

  • Antifungal
  • Candida spp.
  • Childhood
  • Dermatophyte
  • Fungi
  • Nail
  • Terbinafine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

Cite this

Piraccini, B. M., Patrizi, A., Sisti, A., Neri, I., & Tosti, A. (2009). Onychomycosis in children. Expert Review of Dermatology, 4(2), 177-184. https://doi.org/10.1586/edm.09.5

Onychomycosis in children. / Piraccini, Bianca Maria; Patrizi, Annalisa; Sisti, Andrea; Neri, Iria; Tosti, Antonella.

In: Expert Review of Dermatology, Vol. 4, No. 2, 14.09.2009, p. 177-184.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Piraccini, BM, Patrizi, A, Sisti, A, Neri, I & Tosti, A 2009, 'Onychomycosis in children', Expert Review of Dermatology, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 177-184. https://doi.org/10.1586/edm.09.5
Piraccini BM, Patrizi A, Sisti A, Neri I, Tosti A. Onychomycosis in children. Expert Review of Dermatology. 2009 Sep 14;4(2):177-184. https://doi.org/10.1586/edm.09.5
Piraccini, Bianca Maria ; Patrizi, Annalisa ; Sisti, Andrea ; Neri, Iria ; Tosti, Antonella. / Onychomycosis in children. In: Expert Review of Dermatology. 2009 ; Vol. 4, No. 2. pp. 177-184.
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