Online transfer learning for differential diagnosis determination

Jie Xu, Daby Sow, Deepak Turaga, Mihaela Van Der Schaar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


In this paper we present a novel online transfer learning approach to determine the set of tests to perform, and the sequence in which they need to be performed, in order to develop an accurate diagnosis while minimizing the cost of performing the tests. Our learning approach can be incorporated as part of a clinical decision support system (CDSS) with which clinicians can interact. The approach builds on a contextual bandit framework and uses online transfer learning to overcome limitations with the availability of rich training data sets that capture different conditions, context, test results as well as outcomes. We provide confidence bounds for our recommended policies, which is essential in order to build the trust of clinicians. We evaluate the algorithm against different transfer learning approaches on real-world patient alarm datasets collected from Neurological Intensive Care Units (with reduced costs by 20%).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe World Wide Web and Public Health Intelligence - Papers Presented at the 29th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Technical Report
PublisherAI Access Foundation
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781577357261
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event29th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2015 - Austin, United States
Duration: Jan 25 2015Jan 30 2015

Publication series

NameAAAI Workshop - Technical Report


Other29th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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