One-year-old infants of intrusive and withdrawn depressed mothers

Sybil Hart, Nancy Aaron Jones, Tiffany Field, Brenda Lundy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


This study examined behaviors of intrusive/depressed versus withdrawn/depressed mothers and their one-year-old infants during a structured teaching interaction. Group comparisons revealed that intrusive/depressed mothers showed more positive responses, more demonstrating toys, and more physical guidance, and their infants demonstrated less toy manipulation. Withdrawn/depressed mothers maintained infant play more frequently and showed more restricted affect, and their infants demonstrated less affective behavior, both positive and negative. These findings suggested that exposure to depressed mothers' nonoptimal interaction styles represents different types of risk to infants' cognitive and affective development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-120
Number of pages10
JournalChild Psychiatry and Human Development
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Maternal Depression
  • Mother-Infant Interaction
  • Toy Exploration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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