On the upstream track deflection of tropical cyclones past a mountain range: Idealized experiments

Ching Yuang Huang, Chien An Chen, Shu Hua Chen, David S Nolan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Upstream track deflection of a propagating cyclonic vortex past an isolated mountain range is investigated by using idealized simulations with both boundary layer turbulent mixing and cloud effects. The westbound vortex past a shorter mountain range may experience an earlier northward deflection prior to landfall. The vortex then takes a sudden southward turn as it gets closer to the mountain range, in response to the effects of the stronger northerly wind over the mountain due to the effects of channeling flow. The vortex may deflect southward when approaching a longer mountain range and then rebound northward upstream of the mountain ridge. The southward deflection is primarily induced by the convergence (stretching) effect due to the combination of the speedy core at the southwestern flank of the vortex and a northerly jet between the vortex and the mountain. The vortex then rebounds northward to pass over the mountain as the speedy core rotates counterclockwise to the eastern flank of the vortex. The track deflection near the mountain is also affected as either of both physics is deactivated. Sensitivity experiments show that for a given steering flow and mountain height, a linear relationship exists between the maximum upstream deflection distance and the nondimensional parameter Rmw/Ly, where Rmw is the vortex size (represented by the radius of the maximum wind) and Ly is the north-south length scale of the mountain. The southward deflection distance increases with smaller Rmw/Ly and higher mountains for both weaker and stronger steering flow. When the steering-flow intensity is doubled, the southward deflection is roughly reduced by 50%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3157-3180
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences
Volume73
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Fingerprint

tropical cyclone
deflection
vortex
mountain
experiment
mountain range
turbulent mixing
physics
boundary layer
effect
simulation

Keywords

  • Circulation/ dynamics
  • Mesoscale models
  • Models and modeling
  • Topographic effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

On the upstream track deflection of tropical cyclones past a mountain range : Idealized experiments. / Huang, Ching Yuang; Chen, Chien An; Chen, Shu Hua; Nolan, David S.

In: Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 73, No. 8, 01.08.2016, p. 3157-3180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{984d3a6b56a94c27ac4c75395c7fc637,
title = "On the upstream track deflection of tropical cyclones past a mountain range: Idealized experiments",
abstract = "Upstream track deflection of a propagating cyclonic vortex past an isolated mountain range is investigated by using idealized simulations with both boundary layer turbulent mixing and cloud effects. The westbound vortex past a shorter mountain range may experience an earlier northward deflection prior to landfall. The vortex then takes a sudden southward turn as it gets closer to the mountain range, in response to the effects of the stronger northerly wind over the mountain due to the effects of channeling flow. The vortex may deflect southward when approaching a longer mountain range and then rebound northward upstream of the mountain ridge. The southward deflection is primarily induced by the convergence (stretching) effect due to the combination of the speedy core at the southwestern flank of the vortex and a northerly jet between the vortex and the mountain. The vortex then rebounds northward to pass over the mountain as the speedy core rotates counterclockwise to the eastern flank of the vortex. The track deflection near the mountain is also affected as either of both physics is deactivated. Sensitivity experiments show that for a given steering flow and mountain height, a linear relationship exists between the maximum upstream deflection distance and the nondimensional parameter Rmw/Ly, where Rmw is the vortex size (represented by the radius of the maximum wind) and Ly is the north-south length scale of the mountain. The southward deflection distance increases with smaller Rmw/Ly and higher mountains for both weaker and stronger steering flow. When the steering-flow intensity is doubled, the southward deflection is roughly reduced by 50{\%}.",
keywords = "Circulation/ dynamics, Mesoscale models, Models and modeling, Topographic effects",
author = "Huang, {Ching Yuang} and Chen, {Chien An} and Chen, {Shu Hua} and Nolan, {David S}",
year = "2016",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1175/JAS-D-15-0218.1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "73",
pages = "3157--3180",
journal = "Journals of the Atmospheric Sciences",
issn = "0022-4928",
publisher = "American Meteorological Society",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - On the upstream track deflection of tropical cyclones past a mountain range

T2 - Idealized experiments

AU - Huang, Ching Yuang

AU - Chen, Chien An

AU - Chen, Shu Hua

AU - Nolan, David S

PY - 2016/8/1

Y1 - 2016/8/1

N2 - Upstream track deflection of a propagating cyclonic vortex past an isolated mountain range is investigated by using idealized simulations with both boundary layer turbulent mixing and cloud effects. The westbound vortex past a shorter mountain range may experience an earlier northward deflection prior to landfall. The vortex then takes a sudden southward turn as it gets closer to the mountain range, in response to the effects of the stronger northerly wind over the mountain due to the effects of channeling flow. The vortex may deflect southward when approaching a longer mountain range and then rebound northward upstream of the mountain ridge. The southward deflection is primarily induced by the convergence (stretching) effect due to the combination of the speedy core at the southwestern flank of the vortex and a northerly jet between the vortex and the mountain. The vortex then rebounds northward to pass over the mountain as the speedy core rotates counterclockwise to the eastern flank of the vortex. The track deflection near the mountain is also affected as either of both physics is deactivated. Sensitivity experiments show that for a given steering flow and mountain height, a linear relationship exists between the maximum upstream deflection distance and the nondimensional parameter Rmw/Ly, where Rmw is the vortex size (represented by the radius of the maximum wind) and Ly is the north-south length scale of the mountain. The southward deflection distance increases with smaller Rmw/Ly and higher mountains for both weaker and stronger steering flow. When the steering-flow intensity is doubled, the southward deflection is roughly reduced by 50%.

AB - Upstream track deflection of a propagating cyclonic vortex past an isolated mountain range is investigated by using idealized simulations with both boundary layer turbulent mixing and cloud effects. The westbound vortex past a shorter mountain range may experience an earlier northward deflection prior to landfall. The vortex then takes a sudden southward turn as it gets closer to the mountain range, in response to the effects of the stronger northerly wind over the mountain due to the effects of channeling flow. The vortex may deflect southward when approaching a longer mountain range and then rebound northward upstream of the mountain ridge. The southward deflection is primarily induced by the convergence (stretching) effect due to the combination of the speedy core at the southwestern flank of the vortex and a northerly jet between the vortex and the mountain. The vortex then rebounds northward to pass over the mountain as the speedy core rotates counterclockwise to the eastern flank of the vortex. The track deflection near the mountain is also affected as either of both physics is deactivated. Sensitivity experiments show that for a given steering flow and mountain height, a linear relationship exists between the maximum upstream deflection distance and the nondimensional parameter Rmw/Ly, where Rmw is the vortex size (represented by the radius of the maximum wind) and Ly is the north-south length scale of the mountain. The southward deflection distance increases with smaller Rmw/Ly and higher mountains for both weaker and stronger steering flow. When the steering-flow intensity is doubled, the southward deflection is roughly reduced by 50%.

KW - Circulation/ dynamics

KW - Mesoscale models

KW - Models and modeling

KW - Topographic effects

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84982252682&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84982252682&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1175/JAS-D-15-0218.1

DO - 10.1175/JAS-D-15-0218.1

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84982252682

VL - 73

SP - 3157

EP - 3180

JO - Journals of the Atmospheric Sciences

JF - Journals of the Atmospheric Sciences

SN - 0022-4928

IS - 8

ER -