On the geometry and topology of initial data sets with horizons

Lars Andersson, Mattias Dahl, Gregory J. Galloway, Daniel Pollack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


We study the relationship between initial data sets with horizons and the existence of metrics of positive scalar curvature. We define a Cauchy Domain of Outer Communications (CDOC) to be an asymptotically flat initial set (M, g,K) such that the boundary ∂M of M is a collection of Marginally Outer (or Inner) Trapped Surfaces (MOTSs and/or MITSs) and such that M \ ∂M contains no MOTSs or MITSs. This definition is meant to capture, on the level of the initial data sets, the well known notion of the domain of outer communications (DOC) as the region of spacetime outside of all the black holes (and white holes). Our main theorem establishes that in dimensions 3 ≤ n ≤ 7, a CDOC which satisfies the dominant energy condition and has a strictly stable boundary has a positive scalar curvature metric which smoothly compactifies the asymptotically flat end and is a Riemannian product metric near the boundary where the cross sectional metric is conformal to a small perturbation of the initial metric on the boundary ∂M induced by g. This result may be viewed as a generalization of Galloway and Schoen's higher dimensional black hole topology theorem [17] to the exterior of the horizon. We also show how this result leads to a number of topological restrictions on the CDOC, which allows one to also view this as an extension of the initial data topological censorship theorem, established in [10] in dimension n = 3, to higher dimensions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)863-882
Number of pages20
JournalAsian Journal of Mathematics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2018


  • Initial data set
  • Jang's equation
  • Marginally outer trapped surfaces

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)
  • Applied Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'On the geometry and topology of initial data sets with horizons'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this