On the Association Between Social Determinants of Health and Disability in Stroke-Free Older Adults Living in Rural Settings. The Three Villages Study

Oscar H. Del Brutto, Robertino M. Mera, Bettsy Y. Recalde, Victor J. Del Brutto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: High social risk, as quantified by the social determinants of health (SDH), may lead to disability. This association has not been well explored in remote settings. Using the three Villages Study cohort, we assessed the association between SDH and disability among stroke-free older adults living in a rural Ecuadorian community. Methods: SDH were measured by the use of the Gijon Scale and disability by the Functional Activities Questionnaire. All participants had a brain MRI to assess subclinical biomarkers of cerebral small vessel disease. Multivariate models were fitted to assess the association between components of SDH and disability, after adjusting for covariates of interest. Results: The mean age of 478 enrolled individuals was 70.1 ± 8 years (59% women). High social risk was observed in 220 (46%) individuals and disability in 222 (46%). There was an almost direct linear relationship between SDH and disability, after taking into account the effect of age. A generalized linear model, adjusted for all included covariates, showed an independent association between social risk and disability (P <.001). In addition, multivariate models showed that independent SDH components more strongly associated with disability were worse support networks and social relationships. In contrast, the single SDH component not associated with disability was the economic status. Conclusions: This study showed a robust association between SDH and disability. Economic needs were surpassed by other components of SDH. This knowledge will help to develop strategies for the control of factors that may be in the path for disability among older adults living in rural settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Primary Care and Community Health
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • disability
  • functional impairment
  • population study
  • rural communities
  • social determinants of health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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