A homologous series of fatty acid monoesters of sucrose whose chain length varies from 8 to 22 carbon atoms has been examined with respect to some physicochemical properties. In this series, the critical micelle concentration is comparable to that of lysophospholipids having similar hydrophobic moiety. The behavior of a spin probe dispersed in micelles of sucrose esters and their surface pressure-area isotherms at the air/water interface indicate that, despite a relatively large hydrophilic head, they form increasingly compact structures as their chain length increases. Finally, when used as dispersing medium for the purified intrinsic protein rhodopsin, long-chain esters confer to the pigment a thermal stability which is close to that of its membrane-bound state. We conclude that these detergents may be among those best suited to purified intrinsic membrane protein studies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces and Interfaces