Omental anatomy of non-human primates

Philippe C J Chaffanjon, Norman M. Kenyon, Camillo Ricordi, Norma S Kenyon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The anatomy and physiology of the omentum provide optimum reconstructive characteristics and the omentum may be used as a free or pedicled autograft, but also as the receptor site for engraftment of glandular islets. Our purpose was the study of the omental anatomy of non-human primate (NHP), in order to determine an experimental model for pancreatic islets transplantation. Seventeen cadavers NHP (age range 4 years to 23 years) were utilised in this anatomical study. Both cynomolgus monkeys (macaca fascicularis) and baboons (papio hamadryas) were analysed. The animals were without known medical or anatomical abnormalities. We studied the morphology of the omentum, with an emphasis on arterial vascularisation. The omental anatomy of the NHP is very similar to that of humans. The main difference lies in the shape of the lesser sac, which has a complete caudal recess. The arterial vascularisation has a double origin. Based on the anastomosis between them and on the vascular density, the NHP omentum can be divided into four vascular areas. Our results demonstrate that one or two long pedicled flaps can be constructed from the omentum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-291
Number of pages5
JournalSurgical and Radiologic Anatomy
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2005

Fingerprint

Omentum
Primates
Anatomy
Macaca fascicularis
Blood Vessels
Papio hamadryas
Islets of Langerhans Transplantation
Surgical Flaps
Papio
Peritoneal Cavity
Autografts
Cadaver
Theoretical Models

Keywords

  • Comparative anatomy
  • Epiploic artery
  • Non-human primate
  • Omenta flap
  • Omentum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Cite this

Omental anatomy of non-human primates. / Chaffanjon, Philippe C J; Kenyon, Norman M.; Ricordi, Camillo; Kenyon, Norma S.

In: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, Vol. 27, No. 4, 01.11.2005, p. 287-291.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chaffanjon, Philippe C J ; Kenyon, Norman M. ; Ricordi, Camillo ; Kenyon, Norma S. / Omental anatomy of non-human primates. In: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy. 2005 ; Vol. 27, No. 4. pp. 287-291.
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