Oil-slick category discrimination (seeps vs. spills): A linear discriminant analysis using RADARSAT-2 backscatter coefficients (σ°, β°, and γ°) in Campeche Bay (Gulf of Mexico)

Gustavo de Araújo Carvalho, Peter J. Minnett, Eduardo T. Paes, Fernando P. de Miranda, Luiz Landau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

A novel empirical approach to categorize oil slicks' sea surface expressions in synthetic aperture radar (SAR) measurements into oil seeps or oil spills is investigated, contributing both to academic remote sensing research and to practical applications for the petroleum industry. We use linear discriminant analysis (LDA) to try accuracy improvements from our previously published methods of discriminating seeps from spills that achieved ~70% of overall accuracy. Analyzing 244 RADARSAT-2 scenes containing 4562 slicks observed in Campeche Bay (Gulf of Mexico), our exploratory data analysis evaluates the impact of 61 combinations of SAR backscatter coefficients (σ°, β°, and γ°), SAR calibrated products (received radar beam given in amplitude or decibel, with or without a despeckle filter), and data transformations (none, cube root, log10). The LDA ability to discriminate the oil-slick category is rather independent of backscatter coefficients and calibrated products, but influenced by data transformations. The combination of attributes plays a role in the discrimination; combining oil-slicks' size and SAR information is more effective. We have simplified our analyses using fewer attributes to reach accuracies comparable to those of our earlier studies, and we suggest using other multivariate data analyses-cubist or random forest-to attempt to further improve oil-slick category discrimination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1652
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume11
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Campeche Bay (Gulf of Mexico)
  • Linear discriminant analysis (LDA)
  • Ocean remote sensing
  • Oil seeps
  • Oil slicks
  • Oil spills
  • Physical oceanography
  • RADARSAT
  • Satellite image classification and segmentation
  • Synthetic aperture radar (SAR)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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