Background: Left main coronary artery disease (LMCD) is considered a relative contraindication to off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) grafting. This study evaluates the safety and feasibility of OPCAB in these patients compared to an on-pump group (cardiopulmonary bypass, CPB) with LMCD. Methods: Between January 2000 and July 2002, 95 patients with left main coronary artery stenosis >50% underwent coronary revascularization. Seventy-three unselected patients underwent OPCAB and 22 underwent revascularization using CPB. The techniques used for OPCAB included the use of deep traction sutures in the posterior pericardium and stabilizers to expose the distal coronary targets, Intraluminal coronary shunts were routinely used during construction of the anastomoses. Variables were analyzed using a Student's paired t-test with statistical significance defined as p < 0.05. Results: The mean age in the OPCAB group was 59.9 years and the CPB group 61.8 years (p = 0.54). There were 56 males (77%) in the OPCAB and 18 (82%) in the CPB groups. Mean preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 40.3% in OPCAB and 47.3% in CPB (p = 0.015). Average number of grafts was 3.1 in OPCAB and 4.1 in CPB (p = 0.0038). There were no conversions to CPB in those patients initially chosen to undergo OPCAB. There were no early deaths in OPCAB. There was one death in CPB. Mean hospital length of stay was 6.9 days for OPCAB and 9.1 for CPB (p = 0.0159). Conclusions: Patients with LMCD can undergo OPCAB grafting safely and effectively despite reduced LVEF. LMCD should no longer be seen as a contraindication to perform OPCAB grafting.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine