Odor recognition without identification

Anne M. Cleary, Kristen E. Konkel, Jason Nomi, David P. McCabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Odors are notoriously difficult to identify, yet an odor can often lead to a sense of recognition, despite an inability to identify it. In the present study, we examined this phenomenon using the recognition-without-identification paradigm. Participants studied either odor names alone or odor names that were accompanied by scratch-and-sniff stickers containing their corresponding scents. At test, the participants were presented with blank scratch-and-sniff stickers, half of which corresponded to items that were studied and half of which did not. The participants attempted to identify each test odor, as well as to rate the likelihood that it corresponded to a studied item. In addition, the participants indicated whether they were in a tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) state for a given odor's name. Odor recognition without identification was found, but only when the participants had actually smelled the test odor at study; it was not found when the participants only studied odor names and were then tested with odors, suggesting that this effect is an episode-specific, perceptually driven phenomenon. Despite this difference, an overall TOT-attribution effect, whereby recognition ratings were higher during TOT states than during non-TOT states, was shown across conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)452-460
Number of pages9
JournalMemory and Cognition
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Tongue
Names
Odorants
Paradigm
Rating
Attribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

Cleary, A. M., Konkel, K. E., Nomi, J., & McCabe, D. P. (2010). Odor recognition without identification. Memory and Cognition, 38(4), 452-460. https://doi.org/10.3758/MC.38.4.452

Odor recognition without identification. / Cleary, Anne M.; Konkel, Kristen E.; Nomi, Jason; McCabe, David P.

In: Memory and Cognition, Vol. 38, No. 4, 01.06.2010, p. 452-460.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cleary, AM, Konkel, KE, Nomi, J & McCabe, DP 2010, 'Odor recognition without identification', Memory and Cognition, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 452-460. https://doi.org/10.3758/MC.38.4.452
Cleary, Anne M. ; Konkel, Kristen E. ; Nomi, Jason ; McCabe, David P. / Odor recognition without identification. In: Memory and Cognition. 2010 ; Vol. 38, No. 4. pp. 452-460.
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