Ocular Toxoplasmosis after Exposure to Wild Game

Christopher D. Conrady, Cagri G. Besirli, Caroline R. Baumal, Jaclyn L. Kovach, Justin D. Etzel, Jonathan C. Tsui, Susan G. Elner, Mark W. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: To describe eight patients with toxoplasma retinochoroiditis following exposure to wild game. Methods: Retrospective, multicenter case series Results: Eight men, aged 29 to 71 (mean, 56 years), developed toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis after hunting and/or consuming wild game in the United States, including seven deer and one bear. Five patients developed the disease after eating undercooked game meat, while three developed ocular findings after cleaning hunted animals. Seven patients were healthy prior to exposure. LogMAR visual acuity at presentation was 0.697 ± 0.745, improving to 0.256 ± 0.335 by last follow-up. Disease complications developed in five (62.5%) patients, of which recurrence of retinochoroiditis was the most common. Conclusions: Contact with wild game is a potential source of primary ocular toxoplasmosis in immunocompetent adults. Hunters and consumers of rare game are at risk of serious ocular disease and appropriate contact precautions and cooking may reduce this complication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalOcular Immunology and Inflammation
StateAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Toxoplasmosis
  • bear
  • deer
  • posterior uveitis
  • retinochoroiditis
  • wild game

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Ophthalmology


Dive into the research topics of 'Ocular Toxoplasmosis after Exposure to Wild Game'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this