Oceans and human health: Emerging public health risks in the marine environment

L. E. Fleming, K. Broad, A. Clement, E. Dewailly, S. Elmir, A. Knap, S. A. Pomponi, S. Smith, H. Solo Gabriele, P. Walsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

165 Scopus citations


There has been an increasing recognition of the inter-relationship between human health and the oceans. Traditionally, the focus of research and concern has been on the impact of human activities on the oceans, particularly through anthropogenic pollution and the exploitation of marine resources. More recently, there has been recognition of the potential direct impact of the oceans on human health, both detrimental and beneficial. Areas identified include: global change, harmful algal blooms (HABs), microbial and chemical contamination of marine waters and seafood, and marine models and natural products from the seas. It is hoped that through the recognition of the inter-dependence of the health of both humans and the oceans, efforts will be made to restore and preserve the oceans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)545-560
Number of pages16
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Issue number10-12
StatePublished - 2006


  • Anthropogenic pollution
  • Global climate change
  • Harmful algal bloom (HAB)
  • Marine models
  • Microbial pollution
  • Natural products

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Oceanography
  • Pollution


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