Ocean observations in support of studies and forecasts of tropical and extratropical cyclones

Ricardo Domingues, Akira Kuwano-Yoshida, Patricia Chardon-Maldonado, Robert E. Todd, George R. Halliwell, Hyun Sook Kim, I. I. Lin, Katsufumi Sato, Tomoko Narazaki, Lynn K. Shay, Travis Miles, Scott Glenn, Jun A. Zhang, Steven R. Jayne, Luca R. Centurioni, Matthieu Le Hénaff, Gregory Foltz, Francis Bringas, M. M. Ali, Steven DiMarcoShigeki Hosoda, Takuya Fukuoka, Benjamin LaCour, Avichal Mehra, Elizabeth R. Sanabia, John R. Gyakum, Jili Dong, John Knaff, Gustavo J. Goni

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Over the past decade, measurements from the climate-oriented ocean observing system have been key to advancing the understanding of extreme weather events that originate and intensify over the ocean, such as tropical cyclones (TCs) and extratropical bomb cyclones (ECs). In order to foster further advancements to predict and better understand these extreme weather events, a need for a dedicated observing system component specifically to support studies and forecasts of TCs and ECs has been identified, but such a system has not yet been implemented. New technologies, pilot networks, targeted deployments of instruments, and state-of-the art coupled numerical forecast models have enabled advances in research and forecast capabilities and illustrate a potential framework for future development. Here, applications and key results made possible by the different ocean observing efforts in support of studies and forecasts of TCs and ECs as well as recent advances in observing technologies and strategies are reviewed. Then a vision and specific recommendations for the next decade are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number446
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Issue numberJUL
StatePublished - 2019


  • Barrier layer
  • Biologging
  • Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Forecasts
  • Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Weather Forecasts
  • Cyclone intensity forecast
  • Extratropical Bomb Cyclones
  • Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS)
  • Mesoscale Ocean Features
  • Natural hazards
  • Ocean heat content (OHC)
  • Ocean mean temperature (OMT)
  • Riverine flows
  • Sea Surface Temperature
  • Tropical cyclones
  • Weather extremes
  • Western boundary currents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Ocean Engineering


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