Occupational skin hazards from synthetic plastics

Antonella Tosti, L. Guerra, C. Vincenzi, A. M. Peluso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Epoxy and acrylic resins have numerous industrial applications but are also widely used in the household environment. These compounds are presently one of the most important sources of occupational contact dermatitis. Contact sensitization to epoxy resins is usually caused by the resin itself but hardeners or other additives, such as reactive diluents, plasticizers, fillers and pigments, can occasionally be responsible. Since completely cured epoxy resins are not sensitizers, epoxy resin sensitization is always due to the presence, in the final polymer, of uncured allergenic low molecular weight oligomers. Acrylates are now considered the fourth most common cause of contact sensitization due to resins. Unpolymerized monomers of acrylic compounds are known to be responsible for the contact allergy. Accelerators, inhibitors and catalysts, which are usually added to the acrylates to promote the polymerization process, can also sensitize. Both allergic and irritant contact dermatitis may be caused by exposure to epoxy or acrylic resins and their additives. Contact urticaria, allergic or irritant airborne contact dermatitis caused by volatile compounds, onychia and paronychia can also occur. From January of 1984 to May of 1992 we detected 39 cases of occupational allergic contact dermatitis to epoxy resin system substances and 11 cases of occupational contact sensitization to acrylic compounds. In our experience, the electronics industry as well as paint and glue related activities were the most important sources of epoxy sensitization. Dental materials and anaerobic sealants were found to be the most frequent acrylate sensitizers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-502
Number of pages10
JournalToxicology and Industrial Health
Volume9
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Epoxy Resins
Dermatitis
Plastics
Hazards
Skin
Acrylates
Acrylic Resins
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Irritants
Contact Dermatitis
Acrylics
Resins
Paronychia
Occupational Dermatitis
Irritant Dermatitis
Allergies
Dental Materials
Plasticizers
Paint
Glues

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Tosti, A., Guerra, L., Vincenzi, C., & Peluso, A. M. (1993). Occupational skin hazards from synthetic plastics. Toxicology and Industrial Health, 9(3), 493-502.

Occupational skin hazards from synthetic plastics. / Tosti, Antonella; Guerra, L.; Vincenzi, C.; Peluso, A. M.

In: Toxicology and Industrial Health, Vol. 9, No. 3, 01.01.1993, p. 493-502.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tosti, A, Guerra, L, Vincenzi, C & Peluso, AM 1993, 'Occupational skin hazards from synthetic plastics', Toxicology and Industrial Health, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 493-502.
Tosti A, Guerra L, Vincenzi C, Peluso AM. Occupational skin hazards from synthetic plastics. Toxicology and Industrial Health. 1993 Jan 1;9(3):493-502.
Tosti, Antonella ; Guerra, L. ; Vincenzi, C. ; Peluso, A. M. / Occupational skin hazards from synthetic plastics. In: Toxicology and Industrial Health. 1993 ; Vol. 9, No. 3. pp. 493-502.
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