Observations of the infrared radiative properties of the ocean-implications for the measurement of sea surface temperature via satellite remote sensing

William L. Smith, R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, W. Feltz, H. B. Howell, W. P. Menzel, N. R. Nalli, Otis Brown, James Brown, Peter Minnett, Walter McKeown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

140 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) was used to measure the infrared radiative properties and the temperature of the Gulf of Mexico during a 5-day oceanographic cruise in January 1995. The ocean skin temperature was measured with an accuracy believed to be better than 0.1°C. The surface reflectivity/emissivity was determined as a function of view angle and sea state. The radiative properties are in good theoretical consistency with in situ measurements of ocean bulk temperature and the meteorological observations made from the oceanographic vessel. The AERI and in situ measurements provide a strong basis for accurate global specifications of sea surface temperature and ocean heat flux from satellites and ships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-51
Number of pages11
JournalBulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Volume77
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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