Observations of Near-Surface Current Shear Help Describe Oceanic Oil and Plastic Transport

Nathan J.M. Laxague, Tamay M. Özgökmen, Brian K. Haus, Guillaume Novelli, Andrey Shcherbina, Peter Sutherland, Cédric M. Guigand, Björn Lund, Sanchit Mehta, Matias Alday, Jeroen Molemaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Plastics and spilled oil pose a critical threat to marine life and human health. As a result of wind forcing and wave motions, theoretical and laboratory studies predict very strong velocity variation with depth over the upper few centimeters of the water column, an observational blind spot in the real ocean. Here we present the first-ever ocean measurements of the current vector profile defined to within 1 cm of the free surface. In our illustrative example, the current magnitude averaged over the upper 1 cm of the ocean is shown to be nearly four times the average over the upper 10 m, even for mild forcing. Our findings indicate that this shear will rapidly separate pieces of marine debris which vary in size or buoyancy, making consideration of these dynamics essential to an improved understanding of the pathways along which marine plastics and oil are transported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-249
Number of pages5
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 16 2018

Keywords

  • Lagrangian transport
  • marine plastics
  • near-surface currents
  • ocean current shear
  • spilled oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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    Laxague, N. J. M., Özgökmen, T. M., Haus, B. K., Novelli, G., Shcherbina, A., Sutherland, P., Guigand, C. M., Lund, B., Mehta, S., Alday, M., & Molemaker, J. (2018). Observations of Near-Surface Current Shear Help Describe Oceanic Oil and Plastic Transport. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(1), 245-249. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL075891