Observations of large aerosol infrared forcing at the surface

Andrew M. Vogelmann, Piotr J. Flatau, Malgorzata Szczodrak, Krzysztof M. Markowicz, Peter J Minnett

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Abstract

Studies of aerosol effects on the Earth's energy budget usually consider only the cooling effects at short (solar) wavelengths, but we demonstrate that they also have important warming effects at thermal infrared (IR) wavelengths that have rarely been observed and are commonly ignored in climate models. We use high-resolution spectra to obtain the IR radiative forcing at the surface for aerosols encountered in the outflow from northeastern Asia. The spectra were measured by the Marine-Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (M-AERI) from the NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown during the Aerosol Characterization Experiment-Asia (ACE-Asia). We show that the daytime surface IR forcing are often a few Wm-2 and can reach almost 10 Wm-2 for large aerosol loadings. Thus, even the smaller aerosol IR forcing observed here are comparable to or greater than the 1 to 2 Wm-2 IR surface enhancement from increases in greenhouse gases. These results highlight the importance of aerosol IR forcing which should be included in climate model simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-51
Number of pages7
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume30
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 15 2003

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aerosols
aerosol
climate models
climate modeling
wavelength
radiative forcing
energy budgets
greenhouses
daytime
ships
energy budget
interferometer
radiance
wavelengths
greenhouse gas
outflow
interferometers
warming
cooling
heating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Vogelmann, A. M., Flatau, P. J., Szczodrak, M., Markowicz, K. M., & Minnett, P. J. (2003). Observations of large aerosol infrared forcing at the surface. Geophysical Research Letters, 30(12), 57-51.

Observations of large aerosol infrared forcing at the surface. / Vogelmann, Andrew M.; Flatau, Piotr J.; Szczodrak, Malgorzata; Markowicz, Krzysztof M.; Minnett, Peter J.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 30, No. 12, 15.06.2003, p. 57-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vogelmann, AM, Flatau, PJ, Szczodrak, M, Markowicz, KM & Minnett, PJ 2003, 'Observations of large aerosol infrared forcing at the surface', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 57-51.
Vogelmann AM, Flatau PJ, Szczodrak M, Markowicz KM, Minnett PJ. Observations of large aerosol infrared forcing at the surface. Geophysical Research Letters. 2003 Jun 15;30(12):57-51.
Vogelmann, Andrew M. ; Flatau, Piotr J. ; Szczodrak, Malgorzata ; Markowicz, Krzysztof M. ; Minnett, Peter J. / Observations of large aerosol infrared forcing at the surface. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 2003 ; Vol. 30, No. 12. pp. 57-51.
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