Obesity and type 2 diabetes in children: Epidemiology and treatment

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The incidence of overweight and obesity among children has increased dramatically in recent decades, with about one-third of children in the U.S. currently being either overweight or obese. Being overweight in early childhood increases risk for later obesity. There is evidence for the efficacy of family-based behavioral treatment to control weight and improve health outcomes. Obesity-related health risks have been documented, including metabolic syndrome. There is also increasing incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) among youth in recent years, with obesity and family history of T2D generally present. Lower income and ethnic minority status are associated with both obesity and T2D in youth. Most youth with T2D do not achieve optimal glycemic control, and are at high risk for later health complications. Obesity and T2D represent significant public health issues with potentially great personal and societal cost. Research addressing the prevention of obesity and T2D among youth is urgently needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number508
JournalCurrent Diabetes Reports
Volume14
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Epidemiology
Obesity
Health
Therapeutics
Pediatric Obesity
Incidence
Public Health
Weights and Measures
Costs and Cost Analysis
Research

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Children
  • Obese
  • Overweight
  • Prevention
  • Treatment
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Obesity and type 2 diabetes in children : Epidemiology and treatment. / Pulgaron, Elizabeth; Delamater, Alan M.

In: Current Diabetes Reports, Vol. 14, No. 8, 508, 01.01.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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