Nurses' performance of inhalation technique with metered-dose inhaler plus spacer device

T. H. Self, T. M. Kelso, K. L. Arheart, J. H. Morgan, G. U. Meduri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To determine if nurses could correctly use a metered-dose inhaler plus spacer (MDI-spacer) device after a brief description and demonstration of proper use by a clinical pharmacist. DESIGN: Pretest, educational intervention, posttest. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three nurses. INTERVENTIONS: Nurses were asked to use the MDI-spacer (Aerochamber) and were scored using a nine-point checklist (pretest). Educational intervention by the clinical pharmacist consisted of a five-minute discussion and correct demonstration of the device. Nurses were then asked to use the device again (posttest). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pre- and posttest scores. RESULTS: Total scores were improved after the educational intervention (66 percent pretest vs. 88 percent posttest, p=0.0001). In an item analysis, four of the nine steps had improved significantly. CONCLUSIONS: A brief discussion and demonstration of correct use of MDI-spacers is effective in improving nurses' skill in using the device.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-187
Number of pages3
JournalAnnals of Pharmacotherapy
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)


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