Numerical studies on the dynamics of the northwestern black sea shelf

V. Kourafalou, K. Tsiaras, J. Staneva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The Northwestern Black Sea shelf dynamics are studied with numerical simulations based on the Princeton Ocean Model. The study focus is on buoyancy and wind driven flows and on the transport and fate of lowsalinity waters that are introduced through riverine sources (the Danube, Dnestr and Dnepr Rivers), under the seasonal changes in atmospheric forcing. The study is part of the DANUBS project (NUtrient management in the DAnube basin and its impact on the Black Sea). The numerical simulations show that the coastal circulation is greatly influenced by river runoff and especially that of the Danube, which is dominant with monthly averaged values ranging from 5,000 m3/s to 10,000 m3/s. The transport of low-salinity waters associated with the Danube runoff is greatly influenced by wind stress, topographic effects and basin-scale circulation patterns, such as changes in the position of the Rim Current.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-142
Number of pages10
JournalMediterranean Marine Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Black Sea
  • Danube River
  • Numerical modeling
  • River plume dynamics
  • Shelf dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science


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