Nucleolar Sequestration: Remodeling Nucleoli Into Amyloid Bodies

Miling Wang, Michael Bokros, Phaedra Rebecca Theodoridis, Stephen Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This year marks the 20th anniversary of the discovery that the nucleolus can temporarily immobilize proteins, a process known as nucleolar sequestration. This review reflects on the progress made to understand the physiological roles of nucleolar sequestration and the mechanisms involved in the immobilization of proteins. We discuss how protein immobilization can occur through a highly choreographed amyloidogenic program that converts the nucleolus into a large fibrous organelle with amyloid-like characteristics called the amyloid body (A-body). We propose a working model of A-body biogenesis that includes a role for low-complexity ribosomal intergenic spacer RNA (rIGSRNA) and a discrete peptide sequence, the amyloid-converting motif (ACM), found in many proteins that undergo immobilization. Amyloid bodies provide a unique model to study the multistep assembly of a membraneless compartment and may provide alternative insights into the pathological amyloidogenesis involved in neurological disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1179
JournalFrontiers in Genetics
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 21 2019

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • acidosis
  • architectural RNA (arcRNA)
  • beta-amyloid protein
  • cellular dormancy
  • heat shock (HS)
  • physiological amyloidogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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